Peter Watson. War on the Mind: The Military Uses and Abuses of Psychology. I think I learned of this book through Fountain Pen Network (there is an "off-topic chatter" forum with an ongoing "What are you reading?" thread), although it might have been elsewhere. This is a fascinating survey of the then-availaable information on various military uses of psychology, from human factors in weapons design to the optimal distribution of ammunition in a firing line to darker topics like interrogation and a look at the realities of "brainwashing." I will note that it's dated; it's ©1978, so there is precious little on (say) women in the military, it is generally Western-centric in focus (the author is British and the majority of the research cited is from the UK or the USA), and is sometimes offhandedly and painfully dated in its attitude toward race. Nevertheless, this was a fascinating read (my particular interest is hexarchate writing-research, because they are a police state mucking around with this sort of thing), and the author, whose primary purpose is documentation, does not ignore the implications of classified research for the prevalence of bad science and ethically questionable uses. Mostly I find this useful in pointing out things I'd like to investigate further, with more up-to-date sources.
Meanwhile, I am sardonically amused at military psychology operations that proposed faking supernatural events to scare the locals with their "primitive" superstitious religious beliefs, as though Westerners don't have religious beliefs of their own.
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As an interesting complement, I also read Roberto J. González's Militarizing Culture: Essays on the Warfare State. War on the Mind was written by a journalist investigating military psychology; González, by way of contrast, is an anthropology professor writing with concern about the militarization of (American) culture and military and colonialist uses of anthropology. (I would love to know what you think of this book if you ever come across it, swan_tower; I picked up my copy at Gencon, of all places.) These are topics immediately relevant to my interests not because I am an activist (I'm not) but because the hexarchate is an imperialist police state with a faction that would totally have evil anthropologists working for them.
González is sometimes farther to the left than I think I am, and at times I found it difficult to tell whether he objected to anthropology being used by the military at all--it seems to me that unless anthropologists find some way of actively hiding their research from the US military, the US military is going to take what it sees as the useful bits and employ them--or that the US military was using outdated anthropology, or using anthropology badly (as in the essay on General Petraeus et al.'s use of the term "tribe" to describe politics in the Middle East in ways that are apparently deprecated by modern anthropologists ). Possibly the objection is some combination of the two; in any case, González is extremely concerned with ethical uses of anthropology and prevention of imperialist/paternalistic uses, as well as what he calls the "military-industrial-entertainment complex" currently dominant in the USA. I am not remotely objective on this myself (the first two schools I went to were Department of Defense schools...) but it's definitely food for thought, and there are indeed points where I am unambiguously in agreement with the author at the wastefulness of certain wars.
 I have no background in anthropology or any of the social sciences, so I am probably missing nuances here. Mea culpa.
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Whew! I started both these books in 2015 and it's a relief to have finished them both--in the same night, even. I think I will reward myself by reading some more game design theory. :D (Trust me, I have a ridiculous queue of military history and related books as well, but sometimes I need a break...)